Each part of India has its own beauty and uniqueness. Each state has its own flavor, its own charm, its own authenticity, deliciousness, culture, history and most importantly people – their thoughts and the way they carry themselves.
Himachal Pradesh is one such outstanding part of India which has mix of areas – Variety of hills and valleys and varied climatic conditions. There are famous, crowded and commercialized places like Shimla, Manali and Dharamshala on the other hand there are places less known, less inhabited, homely like Spiti Valley.
The biggest region in Himachal is known as Lahaul Spiti.
The district of Lahaul-Spiti in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh consists of the two formerly separate districts of Lahaul and Spiti. Kunzum la or the Kunzum Pass (altitude 4,551 m; 14,931 ft) is the entrance pass to the Spiti Valley from Lahaul. It is 21 km from Chandra Tal. This district is connected to Manali through the Rohtang Pass. To the south, Spiti ends 24 km from Tabo, at the Sumdo where the road enters Kinnaur and joins with National Highway No. 22.
The two valleys are quite different in character. Spiti is more barren and difficult to cross, with an average elevation of the valley floor of 4,270 m (14,009 ft). It is enclosed between lofty ranges, with the Spiti river rushing out of a gorge in the southeast to meet the Sutlej River. It is the fourth least populous district in India (out of 640).
Flora and fauna –
The harsh conditions of Lahaul permit only scattered tufts of hardy grasses and shrubs to grow.
Animals such as yaks and dzos roam across the wild Lingti plains. However, over-hunting and a decrease in food supplies has led to a large decrease in the population of the Tibetan antelope, argali, kiangs, musk deer, and snow leopards in these regions, reducing them to the status of endangered species. However, in the Lahaul valley, one can see ibex, brown bears, foxes and snow leopards during winter
The language, culture, and populations of Lahaul and Spiti are closely related. Generally the Lahaulis are of Tibetan and Indo-Aryan Hindu descent, while the Spiti Bhot are more similar to the Tibetans, owing to their proximity to Tibet. The district has a H.P. state legislative law in place to curb antique loot, by suspecting travellers given past incidences.
The languages of both the Lahauli and Spiti is Bhoti, Spiti Bhoti, it belongs to the Tibetan family. They are very similar to the Ladakhi and Tibetans culturally, as they had been placed under the rule of the Guge and Ladakh kingdoms at occasional intervals.
Kinnaur is another Journey which consists of following places- Sangla, Kalpa, Chitkul, Reckong Peo, Nako, Wangtsu, Kafnu, Chango, Malling and couple of more.
Kinnaur has Baspa, Sutlej and Spiti river flowing in its different parts.
Flora and fauna –
Portions of Kinnaur are situated high in the Himalaya, where vegetation is sparse and consists primarily of hardy grasses. At lower altitudes, temperate-climate trees are found, including oak, chestnut, maple, birch, alder, magnolia, apple, and apricot.
Yaks and dzos are reared by local farmers in the higher areas. Scattered populations of the Himalayan black bear and small ponies may also be found.
Kinnaur has a sex ratio of 818 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 80.77%.